Crypto market conditions have been harsh and yet Web3 games continue to drive force for the dApp industry. According to the latest DappRadar report, Web3 gaming contributed almost half of the blockchain activity across 50 networks in Q3 of 2022, and over 912,000 daily Unique Active Wallets interacted with Web3 Play to Earn game smart contracts. Undoubtedly, play-to-earn games are one of the most important capital creators for Web3. In fact, in September, almost 1.7 million users from Web2 migrated to Web3 gaming.
Before we dip our toes deeper into the technology stack of Web3 play to earn game development, let us develop a better understanding of Web3 games.
What is Web3 Gaming?
Web3 gaming aims to decentralize the games in a way that allows gamers and creators to own the in-game assets and take part in ecosystem decision-making. This is made possible by integrating blockchain into Web3 game development.
Web3 development lays down the foundation of play-to-earn games where players can fairly monetize the time spent playing the game.
They can indulge in asset trading, NFT minting, and more. With the wide interoperability among various gaming ecosystems, Web3 players can easily share their in-game assets across different platforms and games.
To enable such a democratic value-exchange model, the Web3 play to earn game development must be based on some fundamental features. Let us look at them:
In Web2 games, players, or even game creators do not own the in-game assets. This means if a Web2 player switches the gaming platform, he will also lose the ownership rights of his in-game assets. Web3 gaming changes this by offering self-sovereignty and interoperability between gaming platforms.
It is much more complex than it actually sounds. One aspect of moving an in-game asset as an NFT to another game is portability. That means an NFT from one game is moved to another game while working, looking, and sounding exactly the same. However, interoperability of NFTs between two games means that the smart contract of the other game recognizes the existence of this NFT. This means for the interoperability of NFTs, a Web3 game development must consider the following aspects of the NFTs.
- Name and the ID of the NFT to uniquely or semi-uniquely identify it.
- Metadata information like the stats, attributes, and class.
- Representation is the way it defines the visual and audio aspects of the NFT.
- Context of the NFT means how and where the NFT can be used.
NFTs play a critical role in creating a transparent economy in Web3 play to earn game development. Transparency of ownership of in-game digital assets is made possible by NFTs. As all the ownership data of the in-game assets of Web3 games are recorded on the blockchain, NFTs provide immutable ownership rights to gamers. Additionally, NFTs enable a new in-game economy as players can monetize their content in NFT marketplaces.
The technology stack of Web3 gaming
Following are the most important components of Web3 game development technology stack:
First Tech stack layer – Blockchain
No Web3 game development is possible without a programmable blockchain. The two most important things to be considered while choosing a blockchain for Web3 development are the gas fees and the transaction speed. Nonetheless, the future of Web3 game development is cross-chain so choosing a blockchain that is focused on interoperability like Polkadot is crucial.
Second Tech stack layer – Nodes
For the Web3 game app to communicate with the blockchain you need Nodes or Web3 providers. Nodes extract important game-related data stored on the blockchain in raw format. This data is crucial for the game dApps or Web3 libraries. However, to make sense of this raw data the gaming development company needs to build its own infrastructure and that is where the third layer called the APIs plays its role.
Third Tech stack layer – APIs
An application programming interface or API is a set of definitions and protocols for building and integrating with dApps or Web3 libraries. In simple words, it enables the interaction of Nodes and dApps.
Gaming dApps or Web3 libraries
In any Web3 play to earn game development, Web3 libraries or dApp play an important role as they enable interaction of game developers and players with the blockchain platform. The in-game assets/transactions and their interaction with smart contracts are executed by the dApps. Generally, Unity or Unreal SDKs are used to build Web3 gaming dApps.
Web3 game Smart contracts
Smart contracts are programs that automate the execution of in-game transactions and manage voting processes. These can be customized as per the gaming model and contain code to manage transactions that need to happen when a player wins or loses or when a token exchange is conducted or for the game’s treasury management. Remix IDE is the most common tool used in Web3 game development to write, compile, or deploy smart contracts.
As every Web3 gaming platform offers a monetization opportunity with the play-to-earn model, the platform needs to offer players a unique, secure wallet to hold crypto tokens and NFTs.
Web3 game development is rapidly democratizing the gaming industry. It has introduced monetization aspects but it adds complexity and opportunities to the space. If you are facing the same, we recommend Omatech Web3 services. Here, you will gain access to top-notch game designing and development approaches.